Introduction

Introduction

The Erasmus+ Programme Plus is a new programme of European Union replacing the Lifelong Learning and Youth in Action Programs conducted between 2007-2013.  Mainly focusing on projects, Erasmus+ also includes the individual activities.

 As a program to be applied in the years 2014-2020, Erasmus+ aims at providing people, regardless of their age and educational background, with new skills, strengthening their personal development and increasing the opportunities for their employment. The program covers educational opportunities and youth and sports areas. The main reason for naming the programs as Erasmus+ is to benefit from the reputation of Erasmus among public and strongly associated with the European Union. For this reason, the new program uses the brand of Erasmus. Erasmus+ Program does not differ much from the current one in terms of basic aims and activities. However, it includes certain changes in order to increase the efficiency of the current program and make it easier and more feasible in practice.

Erasmus+ Program;

•  All programs carried out within the body of Lifelong Learning Programs such as  Erasmus, Leonardo da Vinci, Comenius and Grundtvig programs and 5 International Cooperation Program (Erasmus Mundus, Tempus, Alfa, Edulink and  Bilateral Cooperation with Industrialized Countries) are put under the heading Erasmus+. This one program makes application rules and procedures much easier and puts an end to the repetitions of the multi-structured programs.

• Guaranteed grant programs are initiated for the students who have already obtained their master degrees so that they can study abroad and acquire the necessary skills required in knowledge intensive sectors.

• Bilateral Cooperation with Industrialized Countries Program which was applied in the previous period preserves its position among central projects of Erasmus+ Program by including youth area. However, the scope of the countries eligible for cooperation has been widened.  You may check Erasmus+ Program Guide for the countries to be cooperated.  

• By offering new teaching methods, Erasmus+ provides partnership projects for Knowledge Alliances which will increase creativity, innovation and entrepreneurship between higher education institutions and sectors. Furthermore, partnership projects among higher education institutions for Sector Skills Alliances which aims to increase employment by providing innovative vocational teaching and learning methods.

• Opportunities for mobility and alliances are strengthened and grants for the students, teachers, trainers and youth leaders of higher education and vocational education are increased.

 

WHICH ACTIONS DOES ERASMUS+ SUPPORT?

Activities supported by Erasmus+ Program are grouped under 3 headings:

INDIVIDUAL LEARNING MOBILITIES

Erasmus+ Program provides individual learning opportunities to more than 5 million people within and off the borders of EU.  Here are the Individual mobility activities:

• Education

• Learning and Teaching

• Internship

• Professional Development

• Youth actions based on informal learning

• Voluntary work.

Beneficiary of the program countries will be able to participate in teaching and training activities at higher education institutions in or outside Europe. Thus, Erasmus+ will increase the interest in higher education and develop higher education in Non-European Countries.

COOPERATION FOR INNOVATION AND THE EXCHANGE OF GOOD PRACTICES

This program offers opportunities for organizational partnerships for education, teaching and youth activities among educational institutions, youth organizations, business world, local and regional authorities and non-governmental organizations. These partnerships aim at developing innovation, creativity, entrepreneurship and employment.

Strategic Partnerships

With the purpose of developing, transferring and application of institutional, local/regional, national and international innovative applications, strategic partnerships and projects of the member countries of the program are supported.

These projects take place in Erasmus+ Program to realize below basic activities:

 

• To offer opportunities for the local/regional school administrations, teacher training institutions, departments and other institutions in different countries to develop and transfer innovative and model practices.

• To establish stronger cooperation between higher education institution and main shareholders (enterprises, research institutions, social partners, local and regional administrations, and other educational and youth sectors) in order to encourage quality and innovation in higher education.

• To support the EU policies and actions of higher education institutions in order to create a stronger systematic impact.  

• To carry out the transnational cooperation between vocational education institutions and local/regional business enterprises.

• To ensure that vocational education can meet the sectoral needs of the private labour market and to contribute to the increasing competitive environment in the related sectors.

• To provide adults with quality educational opportunities and meet the needs of institutions that give adult education.

• To make contribution to the development of the dialogue between national and European policies.

• To encourage cooperation and Exchange in youth projects between the program countries and other countries from the world (ACP, Latin America, Asia and Industrialized countries

• To develop Youth Policy Cooperation in Europe, to create EU YOUTH Strategy and encourage systematic communication.

Applications are submitted to National Agencies.

Sector Skills Alliances:

These are the international partnerships that aim to increase the capacity of the vocational education systems in meeting the skills required in labour market and new skills related to more than one occupation. The eligible sectors for this kind of actions are as follows:

• sectors that constitute European Sector Skills Councils, such as Textile/Clothing/Leather and Commerce,

• sectors with skills imbalances, to which current Commission policies respond, such as Advanced Manufacturing, Information and Communication Technologies, Eco-Innovation (environmental technologies), or Cultural and Creative Industries,

• Cultural and creative industries.

• Sector Skills Alliances involve minimum nine participating organisations from at least three Programme Countries, including two EU Member Countries. An organisation can only be involved in one Sector Skills Alliance at the same time. The Project may last 2 or 3 years.

Since Sector Skills Alliances are the Commission based actions, applications will be submitted directly to Education, Audio-Visual and Culture Executive Agency in Brussel. (http://eacea.ec.europa.eu)

Knowledge Alliances

They are international, structured and result-oriented projects that aims to build bridges between higher education institutions and enterprises. The aim is to strengthen the innovation capacity of Europe by encouraging innovation. The basic 3 features of the program are as follows:

-Innovation in higher education,

-Sustainable relationship between universities and enterprises,

- Impact of the projects during and after the practices.

Participating institutions of the Knowledge Alliances can be public or private ones from program or partner countries.

There must be at least 6 institutions from 3 different countries.  The Project must involve at least two higher education institutions and 2 enterprises. The Project may last 2 or 3 years.

Since Knowledge Alliances are the Commission based actions, applications will be submitted directly to Education, Audio-Visual and Culture Executive Agency in Brussel. (http://eacea.ec.europa.eu)

SUPPORT FOR POLICY REFORM

To encourage the development scientific policies and share the successful applications is one of the basic actions of Erasmus+. Thus, thanks to Support Policy Reform Program, it will be possible to support the policy reforms in EU countries and establish partnerships and share the good practices with non-EU countries.

 

Apart from the Erasmus+ Programs mentioned above, European Commission supports Sport and Jean Monnet programs.

SPORT

 

Since these are the Sport Supports Commission based actions, applications will be submitted directly to Education, Audio-Visual and Culture Executive Agency in Brussel.

You may check the web site of European Commission and Erasmus+ Program Guide for further information. (http://eacea.ec.europa.eu)

JEAN MONNET

Jean Monnet Program aims to support the higher education institutions in their activities regarding European integration. Since these are the Commission based actions, applications will be submitted directly to Education, Audio-Visual and Culture Executive Agency in Brussel. (http://eacea.ec.europa.eu)

 

WHO CAN PARTICIPATE IN THE ERASMUS+ PROGRAMME?

 

 As a general rule, participants in Erasmus+ projects must be established in a Programme Country. Some Actions, notably in the fields of higher education and youth, are also open to participants from Partner Countries.

The specific conditions for participating in an Erasmus+ project depend on the type of Action concerned.

In general terms: 

* For projects relevant for the field of higher education, the main targets are: higher education students (short cycle, first, second or third cycle), higher education teachers and professors, staff of higher education institutions, trainers and professionals in enterprises;

* For projects relevant for the field of vocational education and training, the main targets are: apprentices and students in vocational education, professionals and trainers in vocational training, staff of initial vocational education organisations, trainers and professionals in enterprises;

* For projects relevant for the field of school education, the main targets are: school leaders, school teachers and school staff, pupils in pre-primary, primary and secondary education;

*For projects relevant for the field of adult education, the main targets are: members of adult education§ organisations, trainers, staff and learners in adult education;

*For projects relevant for the youth field the main targets are: young people from 13 to 305, youth workers, staff and members of organisations active in the youth field;

In sum, anyone regardless of their ages and positions and any institution from any sector may benefit from this program.  

WHAT ARE THE ELIGIBLE COUNTRIES?

The Erasmus+ Programme is open to the following countries:

• EU Countries

• Program countries which are not members of EU. (Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Sweden, Macedonia and Turkey)

•  Partner Countries Neighbouring the EU: (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, Ukraine, Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Palestine, Syria, Tunisia, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Montenegro, Serbia and Russian Federation)

• Some Actions of the Programme are open to the other countries around the world. You may consult the Erasmus+ Program Guide for detailed information. 

 

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